conditional sentence ( if clause )

Conditional Sentence ( if clause )





Nama   : Ruwaidah

Npm    : 11208440

Kelas   : 4 EA 04











Conditional Sentences are sentences used to express supposition of an event that has not happened, or even impossible. Conditionals has several forms that represent different forms of time, in other words, the form of conditional sentence will depend on the assumed form of the event. Here are a few patterns of Conditional Sentences.

Type 1.

Tense forms (verb1) type of a time now (present tense / simple present / present simple) either in the form of present tense verbs are not transitive and intransitive copula either, said auxiliary (auxiliary verb) and the copula be located in the if clause and the present eg will the future lies in the parent clause. Present future will indicate that the assumption will be realized if the conditions are fulfilled ifnya clause.


Formula         :



If V1 + S +, S + V1 (Will)



Examples        :

If it doesn’t rain, I will go shopping.

Real Condition : It will probably rain or not,

So I will probably go shopping or not.


Type 2.

            This type is in each clause contains a past tense form (past tense) that is contained in the if clause transitive and intransitive verbs both regular and irregular, copula be (were not was), the auxiliary verb (had not has / have) and future in past sentences parent would (will). Meanings carried by these two types of which contains the past tense is conditional upon something that will never materialize.

Type 2 is related to the learning of this, another thing to note is the use of a form that is not usually that different from what we often find in a regular expression. In type 2 exact phrase in a clause if, after the subject I / he / she / it was but were not.


If V2 + S +, S + V2 (Would)


  1. If it were a holiday, we could go. (faktanya: it is not a holiday, and we cannot go).
  2. I could fly if I were a bird. (faktanya: i am not a bird, so i cannot fly).


Type 3

 Type 3 is the type of verb in the if clause past perfect and past perfect future in the independent clause. Meanings carried by the sentence type 3 is conditional on something that may not materialize as the meaning of which is carried by type 2 conditionals.


Formula         :


If + S + Had V3, S Would + Have + V3



  1. If I had studied hard, I would have passed the exam. (faktanya: I failed the exam).
  2. If I had known the truth, I would have told you. (I didn’t know the truth).

In terms of the emphasis of learning English other than the above is that each tense form in any type of sentence is the same as that in type 1 if the clause if its first form of verb forms (present tense) the future of his parent is present in the sentence tense as well. Similarly, in type 2, if the future mother of his sentence in the past tense tense in the form of a clause if it is past tense, and in type 3 if the clause if it tensenya is the past perfect tense form of the sentence is a past master future perfect tense, as the following example.




Source :


Buku SPMB konsultan Pendidikan Salemba Group divisi bimbingan tes alumni    salemba Jakarta.



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